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Towards new challenges : the workshop of a memorialist

On July 26, 1945, Churchill lost the general election. Six months later, de Gaulle, in opposition to the “party system”, resigned from GPRF (Provisional Government of French Republic). The years that followed were an opportunity for them to write their war memoirs: the first volume of Churchill’s The Second World War was published in 1948 and the first of de Gaulle’s War Memoirs appeared in 1954. Reference accounts of the conflict, these works also revealed the political mood of the moment: the two authors downplayed the seriousness of their quarrels during the war, and even passed over some events in silence, knowing that their political careers were not over. Churchill was again appointed Prime Minister in 1951 and de Gaulle returned to power in 1958. During the Cold War, Churchill received, not the Nobel Peace Prize which he wanted, but the prize in Literature. The work of de Gaulle was added to the prestigious La Pléiade collection in 2000.

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Copie d'une lettre de Charles de Gaulle
au sujet de la mise en sommeil du RPF

© Pierrefitte, Archives nationales/Alain Berry

Brouillon des mémoires de guerre
de Winston Churchill,
The Second World War, Vol. 6, Book 1, Chap. 15,
« October in Moscow, 1950-53 »

©Curtis Brown

Charles de Gaulle
Copy of his answer to Clementine Churchill (letter dated 13 May 1953)
about the Rally of the French People party put in abeyance
18 May 1953 - Typed paper - Pierrefitte-sur-Seine

© Archives de Gaulle/Churchill Archives Centre

Interview of the French historian François Kersaudy
about Churchill's writing method

© Archives de Gaulle/Churchill Archives Centre

Constitution of the French 5th Republic
1958 - Facsimile - Paris

© Paris - Musée de l'Armée, Dist. RMN-Grand Palais/Emilie Cambier/ Fondation Charles de Gaulle

Winston Churchill
"Iron Curtain" speech pronounced in Fulton, Missouri
5 March 1946