Towards new challenges : the workshop of a memorialist
On July 26, 1945, Churchill lost the general election. Six months later, de Gaulle, in opposition to the “party system”, resigned from GPRF (Provisional Government of French Republic). The years that followed were an opportunity for them to write their war memoirs: the first volume of Churchill’s The Second World War was published in 1948 and the first of de Gaulle’s War Memoirs appeared in 1954. Reference accounts of the conflict, these works also revealed the political mood of the moment: the two authors downplayed the seriousness of their quarrels during the war, and even passed over some events in silence, knowing that their political careers were not over. Churchill was again appointed Prime Minister in 1951 and de Gaulle returned to power in 1958. During the Cold War, Churchill received, not the Nobel Peace Prize which he wanted, but the prize in Literature. The work of de Gaulle was added to the prestigious La Pléiade collection in 2000.